1543 Juan Cabríllo's pilot, Bartolome Ferello, sails along the coast
of Oregon, to 42 or 44 degrees N.
1579 Francis Drake passes Oregon coast; names region of southwest
Oregon and northern California "New Albion."
1592 Apostolus Valerianos (alias Juan de Fuca), a Greek pilot, claims
discovery of the Strait of Anian, the long-sought "Northwest Passage."
1602 Sebastian Vizcaino sights Cape Blanco. His lieutenant, Aguilar,
sailing farther along the coast, not only finds and names Cape
Blanco, but also discovers the mouth of a river near 43 degrees
N., which may have been the Umpqua.
1728 Vitus Bering, Danish navigator, sent by Peter the Great of
Russia, discovers the Bering Sea.
1741 Bering's second expedition reaches the Alaskan coast; as a result,
a Russian fur-trading post is later established in Alaska, the
Russians eventually extending their activities as far south as
1765 First known use of the territory's name "Oregon" by Major
Robert Rogers, appears in petition asking permission of King
George III to explore territory in search of Northwest Passage;
the word is spelled "Ouragon."
1774 Juan Perez sails to 54 N. lat.; discovers Nootka Sound.
1775 Bruno Heceta and Bodega Y Quadra, Spanish navigators, sight
but do not enter mouth of Columbia.
1778 Name "Oregon" appears for first time in published print in
Carver's "Travels," which mentions "the River Oregon, or the
River of the West." Gore and Ledyard, with Captain James
Cook's expedition, sail along Oregon coast—the first Americans
to visit Pacific Northwest.
1787 Captain Barkley reaches the Strait of Anian and names it Juan
de Fuca, after its supposed discoverer of 1592.