slopes are gay in winter with the brilliantly colored clothing of hardy
visitors, as ski experts soar over its drifts and tobogganists dip and glide
at whirlwind speed down its steep inclines. A winter carnival with the
inevitable crowning of a sports queen is held about February 20, spon-
sored by Portland business interests.
Joel Palmer, Territorial Commissioner of Indian Affairs, was a
member of the party that in 1845 accomplished the first known climb
above timberline. The first white men reached the summit of the peak
in 1857. In 1887, seven men climbed almost to the top and set off a
hundred pounds of red fire to celebrate the Fourth of July.
Since then climbing Mount Hood, though dangerous at certain
times, has become a popular pastime. Although thousands have scaled
the peak only a few lives have been lost; the victims having been per-
sons who took unnecessary risks.
There are nine known routes to the summit, ranging from the com-
paratively easy South Side Route, beginning at Timberline Lodge, to
the dangerous routes up the sheer north face. Two of the routes on the
north, the Cooper Spur and the Eliot Glacier routes, both of which
start from Cloud Cap Inn (see TOUR i£), are dangerous.
Center of activities on the south slope is TIMBERLINE LODGE
(see GEN. INF. for rates), reached by a one-way road branching from
State 50 (see TOUR 4A) at a point 55 miles east of Portland. This
hotel, resembling those in European mountain resorts, rises two-and-a-
half stories on a high basement. The steep roofs of the wings are
broken by dormers. The wings, one long and one short, branch at dif-
ferent levels from a hexagonal unit whose roof rises high to a weather-
vane-topped cupola. Inside the finish is rough, in keeping with the rugged
character of the exterior.
On the basement floor is a ski lounge and coffee-shop, on the main
floor a large main lounge with three fireplaces. The stair treads, whole
logs, are bound together with straps of iron. The furniture, of simple
types, was designed for the building. Murals depict the history of the
region, stair decorations and other woodwork have motifs belonging to
the Cascade forests. This building, erected under sponsorship of Port-
land businessmen by the Works Progress Administration and opened
in 1937, is one of the proudest achievements of the relief era in Oregon
because people of so many crafts were inspired to contribute their
skills to a structure that symbolizes Oregon to them. Native materials
were used as far as possible, even the draperies being hand-loomed from
Oregon wool and flax.
TRAILS AND CLIMBS
The Pacific Crest trail is divided between Timberline Lodge and
Eden Park, passing around both sides of the mountain.
TRAIL TOUR 1
North from TIMBERLINE LODGE (6000 alt.), 0 m., on the