Tour 10

Portland—Newberg—McMinnville—Monmouth—Corvallis—Junction
City; 108.6 m. US 99W.
Paved road.

Stage service between Portland and Junction City.
Hotels and tourist camps.

US 99W, the main highway south of Portland on the west side of
the Willamette Valley, is an alternate route to US 99E. Like US 99E,
this route serves one of Oregon's most populous areas. For a score of
miles it skirts low ridges, spans narrow valleys, or winds through rolling
hills, a kaleidoscopic pattern of suburban homes, small farms, orchards,
and rural settlements, interspersed with the ever-present firs, and the
groves of native oak. Then leaving the hills, it traverses the wider
reaches of the west side of the valley, past well-kept and productive
farms, rustic hamlets, and attractive small cities.

The route is rich in significant events of early settlement. Along its
course, trading centers were established, educational institutions founded,
industries born, and civil governments launched.

South of the junction of SW. Fourth Avenue and SW. Sheridan
Streets in PORTLAND, 0 m., US 99W follows Barbur Boulevard.
Below the roadway (L) is a residential and industrial district, built
to the edge of the Willamette. Wooded canyons and hillsides tiered
with homes rise R. Near the summit of the heights (R) is Portland's
medical center (see PORTLAND). The road continues through the
Tualatin Valley whose name, of Indian origin, has had many variations
in spelling such as Twalaity, Quality, Falatin, Nefalatine. Translated
the name is said to mean "slow river," indicative of the sluggishness
of the Tualatin.

Except for French Prairie near Champoeg (see TOUR 2a), the
Tualatin Valley was the first section in Oregon settled by white men.
The first settlers were six "mountain men" who arrived on Christmas
Day in 1840 (see TOUR 8). The Valley lies between the main Coast
Range and one of its eastern spurs, both covered with valuable stands
of timber. To the north, a narrow range of hills skirts the Columbia
and Willamette rivers, and extends southward. To the south, rise the
Chehalem Mountains, whose most conspicuous eminence is Bald Peak.
Tualatin Valley is given over to specialized farming, including nut
and onion growing, truck gardening, berry and fruit farming, as well
as dairying.

TIGARD, 7.9 m. (169 alt., 276 pop.), was named for Wilson M.