Tour 9

Junction with State 8 — North Plains — Manning — Sunset Camp —
Elsie — Necanicum Junction; 62.3 m. State 2.

The Wolf Creek Highway, State 2, is open (1940) from Banks to the Coast.
It is under construction (1940) between Sylvan and Banks. At present travelers
should take State 8 (see TOUR 8) to Forest Grove, thence to Banks.
Stages between Portland, Necanicum Junction, and Seaside.
Accommodations limited.

The Wolf Creek Highway, being developed by the W.P.A., and
shortening the distance by 46 miles, is the most direct route between
Portland and the sea. It proceeds across the Tualatin Valley, up the
West Fork of Dairy Creek, through a short tunnel in the Sunset Summit
of the Coast Range, into the Nehalem Valley, follows Wolf Creek, to
the coast.

Slanting obliquely into the charming Tualatin Valley (see TOUR 8),
the route traverses lush prairies and green woodlands, where once fed
elk, deer, bear, beaver, and other wild animals. In the region, dwelt the
Atfalati (Tualatin) tribe, later subjected to the tyranny of the fierce
Klickitats, who in turn gave way to the advancing whites. Keen axes
hewed the trees into new homes, sharp-shared plows sliced the grassy
plains into fertile fields. Now they are yellow with grain or green with
umbrageous corn blades. Everywhere, wild animals have been replaced
by grazing herds of horses, cattle and sheep.

The new highway branches R. from State 8, 0 m. at a point 4.1
miles west of Portland, on an overcrossing. In its straight progress over,
through, and under obstacles, the highway claimed as right-of-way the
burial-ground of the Pointer family, who settled in this vicinity in
1848. Coffins were disinterred from graves a half-century old and re-
buried nearby.

At NORTH PLAINS, 14 m. (190 alt., 145 pop.), in a highly de-
veloped farming section, is a junction with the Wilson River Highway
(see TOUR 8). MANNING, 23.5 m. (275 alt., 100 pop.), on the
West Fork of Dairy Creek is a trading center in an agricultural and
dairying region.

SUNSET SUMMIT (1,370 alt.), 30.2 m., is pierced by a tunnel
(1,180 alt.), through which the highway enters the Pacific drainage
area of the Coast Range. The NEHALEM RIVER, 33 m., named
for a coast tribe, might be likened to Paul Bunyan's Round River, as it
rises but a short distance from its ocean outlet, and in its passage
describes an almost complete circle. One of the fine fishing streams of
the state, it abounds with rainbow, cutthroat and steelhead trout, and
silverside salmon.