Little Nash Crater Junction—Detroit—Mill City—Stayton—Sublimity
—Salem; 87.3 m. State 222.
Road largely rock-surfaced; between Mill City and Salem, paved; impassable
east of Detroit in winter.
Sranch of Southern Pacific Railroad parallels the route between Detroit and
Stages between Salem and Mill City; during summer months only between Mill
City and Detroit.
Tourist camps in summer; improved camp sites.
State 222 traverses a region principally interesting for its scenic
:eauty. For thirty miles it cuts through a heavily forested area, until
.ecent years known only to trappers, forest rangers, and adventurous
hikers. For half this distance it follows the cliffs flanking a turbulent
river. The western end of the route runs through the foothills of the
Cascades and then the Willamette Valley.
State 222 branches northwest from State 54 (see TOUR lb) at
LITTLE NASH CRATER JUNCTION, 0 m. LITTLE NASH
CRATER (L) is a small sister of Nash Crater and just north of the
great lava flow that long ago poured from Belknap and Nash craters
(see TOUR 6b). The route crosses a forested tableland, nearly a mile
above sea level broken here and there by grassy meadows. In the main
range of the Cascade Mountains the principal eminence visible (R) is
imposing THREE-FINGERED JACK (7,848 alt.). Its perpendicu-
lar spires of snow-dusted rock defeat the ambitions of many alpinists,
though skilled climbers have conquered it There are good views of this
peak from the highway.
At 5.9 m. is a junction with a foot-trail.
Right on this trail into the MOUNT JEFFERSON PRIMITIVE AREA, the
boundary of which is at 2.5 m. The wilderness reserve extends across the Cascade
divide. Near its northern end rises snow-capped MOUNT JEFFERSON (10,495
alt.). HUNT'S COVE, the most frequent starting point for a climb of Mount
Jefferson, is one of a series of charming valleys studded with lakes; it is just
south of the peak.
DUFFY LAKE (forest camp), 5 m., is at the center of a labyrinth of trails.
North of the junction with the trail State 222 proceeds through
mountain meadows and forests to the North Fork of the Santiam River,
6 m., which sweeps westward to its confluence with the South Fork.
At 15.3 m., by a junction with the Marion Forks Forest Road, is a
Forest Service campsite and Forest Ranger Station.
Right on this road to CATCH FALLS, 2.5 m., a crystalline torrent from melt-
ing glacial ice, dropping like a veil over rocks polished brown.