It is said that $10,000,000 worth of borax and soda remain in the fields.
FIELDS, 132 m. (4,244 alt., 30 pop.), at the junction with State
205, was named for Charles Fields, who, in the early 1860's, took up a
homestead and established an overland stagecoach and freighting station.
In frontier days the place was known as Fields Station. It now consists
of a post office and general store. Fields is situated at the eastern end
of Broad Valley, which separates Steens Mountain and the Pueblo
Mountains. Superb panoramas of the two lofty mountain ranges, lost
in desert haze, compensate for the gray sagebrush wastes of the plateau
surrounding the town.
At 137 m. is a junction with a desert road.
Left on this road to the BORAX HOUSE, 0.3 m. on the rim of BORAX
LAKE. It was erected in 1900 as living quarters, by Chinese laborers employed
in working the deposits. Built of bricks made from residual borax remaining
after the refining process, the only lumber materials in its construction, are
window casings, doors, and rafters. Borax Lake, fed by a spring within the
lake, has a temperature of 130° F., and carries a heavy percentage of borax.
At RED POINT SCHOOL, 146.6 m., is a junction with an unim-
Left on this road to the TROUT CREEK FOSSIL BEDS, 8 m. This area
abounds in Tertiary floral fossils.
DENIO, 154.3 m. (4,245 alt., 50 pop.), on the Oregon-Nevada
Line was named for Aaron Denion, who became the first postmaster
in 1897. He also built the hotel, an adobe structure still standing. In
the early days, Denio was a thriving town with nearly a thousand in-
habitants. It was not unusual for 50 head of horses to be quartered in
the corrals. Wool from the north was hauled through Denio by six-
horse wagons, and borax trains of five wagons drawn by twenty mules,
lurched through the dusty streets toward Winnemucca. Since the clos-
ing of the borax industry Denio has markedly declined.
Crossing the State Line at Denio, the route continues to Winne-
Burns—Narrows—Frenchglen—Blitzen—Fields; 119.7 m. State 78.
Unimproved roads in the southern section; frequently impassable after heavy
rains or snow storms.
Settlements and supply points scattered; water scarce. Accommodations very
This route leads through a remote part of Harney County, between