desert. A large portion of the land thus uncovered was useful for no
other purpose than a bird refuge and the remainder was burdened with
mandatory reservations that discouraged any attempts at agriculture.

Since this drainage, sportsmen and conservationists have agitated for
the restoration of Lower Klamath, and government engineers have re-
cently reported a plan and it is expected that the work of returning
Lower Klamath Lake to its one-time ideal condition for birds will be
begun soon.

In its present condition, a few birds still use the Lower Klamath
Refuge, but in nothing like their former numbers. Killdeers still nest
around the few lakes remaining on the refuge, and small numbers of
ducks and geese still stop in migration.

US 97 crosses the California Line at 160.8 m.

Tour 4A

Cow Canyon Junction—Maupin—Government Camp—Sandy—Gresh
am—Portland; 123.2 m. State 50.

Asphalt-paved; closed during severe winter storms.
Motor stage service.

Improved forest camps, hotel resorts, auto camps, at short intervals.

This highway, the chief road between Portland and the Mount Hood
recreational area, more or less follows the wagon trail developed in
1846 to take emigrants into the Willamette Valley without passage
down the dangerous Columbia River. In 1846 the road was opened as
the Barlow Toll Road and for nearly 20 years long caravans climbed
over it on their way to the promising land of the west. During the next
decade miners followed the road to the gold fields of eastern Oregon.

Crossing a shoulder of Mount Hood, the highway passes through a
region notable for its beauty. For miles the highway winds through lanes
of virgin forest made more beautiful during the late spring and summer
by masses of blooming rhododendron. Glacial streams, born of the per-
petual snows on Mount Hood's cloud-swept summit, tumble down rocky
channels close to the motorist. West of the Cascade Divide the country
is being intensively developed as a recreational area. Many forest roads
and trails lead from State 50 to wilderness spots or climb to alpine
heights (see MOUNT HOOD). Below the forests the route flattens
out among the farms of the Willamette Valley and suburbs of Oregon's
chief city.