BROOKINGS, 234.2 m. (129 alt., 250 pop.), by Chetco Cove,
grew up around a large sawmill.
US 101 crosses Winchuck River (Ind., Windy River), 239.9 m.,
and at 240.4 m. crosses the California Line, at a point 21 miles north
of Crescent City, Calif.
(Maryhill, Wash.)—Biggs Junction—Grass Valley—Cow Canyon
Junction—Redmond—Bend—Klamath Falls—(Weed, Calif.) ; 305 m.
Union Pacific Railroad parallels route between Biggs Junction and Bend; Great
Northern Railroad between Cow Canyon Junction and Klamath Falls; Southern
Pacific Railroad between Chemult and California Line.
Hotel and camp accommodation.
US 97, the Sherman Highway and The Dalles-California Highway,
crosses a section of wheat country where large-scale operations are
carried on. Farther south the green, and ripening grain fields yield
to the grazing lands of great sheep ranches. Though a few large cattle
ranches remain, sheep dominate the vast range monopolized by the
cattlemen up to the beginning of the present century.
A chain of rugged snow-capped mountains, great pine forests, recent
lava fields and cinder buttes, the rimrock desert country, arid plains
extending to great distances and offering scanty forage to cattle and
sheep, rolling wheat fields, upland farms and stock ranches of central
Oregon, and such easily accessible natural attractions as Crater Lake
and Newberry Crater give to this route an unusual diversity of interests.
The history of the road is implicit in the men and beasts that made
it: the moccasined Indians, explorers and trappers; the hard-hoofed cov-
ered-wagon oxen; the milling cattle, driven by picturesque cowboys; the
jerk-line teams of the freighter; the horses of the stagecoach, four and
six; the cavalcades of Indian fighters; the booted loggers, miners, and
all the host of adventurers of Old Oregon.
It was approximately over this route that Capt. John C. Fremont
traveled in 1843, exploring the region and mapping geographical fea-
tures. But long before the first white men had made their way into
central Oregon, a network of trails had been worn by nomadic Indians.