Creek Bridge. At the STATE FISH HATCHERY, 46.8 m., are
propagated steelhead and cutthroat trout.
At TIDEWATER, 48.5 m., the river widens into an estuary, salt
waters mingling with the fresh. In season there is much trolling for
salmon at this point. In this region the Alsea River formerly comprised
the northern boundary of the Alsea Indian Reservation, with head-
quarters at Agency Farm near Yachats (see TOUR 3b). David D.
Fagan's History of Benton County records: "When the white men
began to settle in the Alsea district they found there the remnants of
three tribes: the 'Alseas' by the bay and on the coast, a people of fishers;
the 'Klickitats' who hunted in the woods and over the mountains to
the south; and the 'Drift Creek Indians' whose homes were scattered
through the heavy timber round Table Mountain and on the streams
heading thereabouts, to the east and northeast of Alsea. Though gener-
ally at enmity with each other yet there were times when, feuds laid
aside, the hunting tribes visited their neighbors by the ocean in peace,
bringing with them the spoils of the chase to exchange for the sea fish
and shell fish of the Alseas. Then fires were lighted and feasting and
jollity went on day after day together." The Alsea tribe was called
"salt water" or "salt chuck" Indians.
The first settler in the lower Alsea was G. W. Collins who came in
1860 as Indian agent for the sub-agency of the Alsea Indian Reservation.
WALDPORT, 59.1 m. (20 alt., 367 pop.), on the south shore of
Alsea Bay is at the junction with US 101 (see TOUR 3b).
Junction with US 99—Cheshire—Blachly—Swisshome—Mapleton—
Cushman—Florence; 67.5 m. State 36.
Southern Pacific Railroad branch parallels State 36 between Swisshome and
Accommodations scant; tourist camps.
State 36 is one of the ten highways that link the interior valleys to
the Pacific Ocean beaches. Fur traders and emigrants blazed the old
trail now followed by the highway in its winding course from the Wil-
lamette Valley over the Coast Range to tidewater.
State 36 branches westward from the junction with US 99 (see
TOUR 2a), 0 m., at a point 1.8 miles south of Junction City and