(500 alt.), distinguished by an airway beacon on its summit. East of
Bond Butte are the prominent INDIAN HEAD BUTTES (1,294
alt.). Behind them rise foothills of the Cascades, tier upon tier. This
region was once inhabited by the fierce grizzly, now almost extinct.
ROWLAND, 94.2 m., is only a railroad station but in the early
1860's it was a trading point.
At 104.1 m. is the junction with a narrow lane.
Left on the lane (muddy and impassable in rainy weather) to the marked
HULINS MILLER HOMESTEAD, 1.7 m., where after crossing the plains with
his father, Cincinnatus Heiner (Joaquin) Miller, the poet (see TOUR 5a), lived
from 1854 until 1856, when he was fifteen years old. The present farmhouse
rests on the foundations of the Miller house. Sunny Ridge, on which the house
stands, offers a magnificent view of the surrounding region. The entire Miller
family were highly appreciative of the primitive beauty of the Willamette
Valley. The great mountains in the rear, young Miller wrote, were "topped
with wonderful fir trees that gloried in the morning sun, the swift, sweet river,
glistening under the great big cedars, and balm trees in the boundless dooryard."
COBURG, 107.7 m. (399 alt., 263 pop.), at the foot of the Coburg
Hills (L), is a trading center of farmers. In early days this was a
stopping place for travelers on the Territorial Road.
The McKenzie River, 110 m., was first explored by Donald Mc-
Kenzie of the Pacific Fur Company, who built a trading camp on the
bank in 1812. The route continues southward with devious windings
and crosses the Willamette River to meet US 99 (see TOUR 2b) in
EUGENE, 115.5 m. (see EUGENE).
Junction US 99E—Gervais—St. Louis—St. Paul—Champoeg State
Park; 19.6 m. State 219 and unnumbered roads.
The route traverses French Prairie, the region where settlement and
government began. In this section Oregon's earliest farmers, retired
trappers of the Hudson's Bay Company, established farms; here came
the early Methodist missionaries and Catholic fathers. Wagon train
immigrants settled on donation land claims. In this area arose the first
low mutterings of discontent that presaged the establishment of the
Provisional Government at Champoeg on May 2, 1843.