tion US 28; 123.6 m. State 19.
Graveled road. Union Pacific Railroad branch line roughly parallels route be-
tween Arlington and Condon.
Hotels in towns; tourist camps.
State 19, a section of the John Day Highway, crosses part of the great
wheat belt of central Oregon and of the arid range country, where the
only conspicuous vegetation for many miles is sagebrush and juniper.
The highway penetrates the region of the important John Day Sedi-
mentary Deposits, with its remarkable fossils. The region, with its suc-
cession of startling contours, jagged skylines, sharp pinnacles rising from
mountains of solid rock, and gashes through volcanic formation, often
brilliantly colored, has great fascination. The barren splendor of the
canyon of the John Day River, which the highway follows for many
miles, is not duplicated in Oregon.
State 19 branches southward from US 30 at ARLINGTON, 0 m.
(see TOUR ib) and follows a narrow, winding canyon to a plateau
called SHUTLER FLATS, 7.1 m. (710 alt), named for a type oi
wagon popular with the early emigrants, one of which was found aban-
doned here along the Oregon Trail, that crosses State 19 at this place
At one time Shutler Flats was ranched by a man who owned 20,000
acres of wheat land. Later it was subdivided into smaller holdings.
CONDON, 37.7 m. (2,844 alt., 940 pop.), seat of Gilliam County
was formerly called Summit City, then Summit Springs. The latter
name was applied because of the sweet-water springs at which stage
drivers, freighters, and other travelers paused. The present name was
given for Harvey C. Condon, nephew of Dr. Thomas Condon, the
geologist who brought the near-by fossil region to the attention of the
scientific world. The high plateau on which the city lies was once an
Indian ceremonial ground. Later it was used for cattle roundups. From
the elevated site on clear days are visible the Ochoco Mountains, the
Blue mountains, and the Cascade Range. Condon is in the heart of
vast rolling wheat fields for which it is the distributing center, with
extensive warehouses and elevators.
South of Condon the road dips down the Condon Canyon to DYER
STATE PARK (picnicking facilities), 47.4 m., named for J. W.
Dyer. The narrow rim-rock walled area is shaded by cottonwoods, red
osier willows, and elderberry bushes.
FOSSIL, 58.5 m. (2,654 alt., 538 pop.), the seat of Wheeler Coun-