station. State 7 winds through the yellow jackpines of the WHITMAN
NATIONAL FOREST to DOOLEY MOUNTAIN SUMMIT,
17 m. (5,392 alt.), which commands wide vistas of the Blue Mountains.
The Dooley Mountain Toll Road, joins State 7 at 17.5 m. (L). It
was named for John Dooley, an emigrant who purchased the road from
B. F. Koontz, of Baker.
Reaching Burnt River the road swerves westward through the
BURNT RIVER GAME REFUGE, 26.1 m., to HEREFORD,
35.6 m. (3,658 alt., 32 pop.), named for a Hereford bull of renown
in the extensive range country the hamlet serves. In 1885 the Oregon
Horse & Land Company, operating in the district, imported 109 Per-
cheron horses from France for breeding purposes—47 males and 62
females. The outfit was the largest operating in Oregon at the time;
in 1885 it branded about 11,000 horses.
Left from Hereford to the DIAMOND-AND-A-HALF DUDE RANCH,
4.5 m., at the southern edge of the Whitman National Forest. This ranch, estab-
lished by the Whites shortly after their arrival in 1869, is still in the hands of
the family. Visitors are regaled with tall tales by the wranglers, ride herd with
the cowhands, and go on hunting and fishing trips into the Blue Mountains.
At 46.1 is the junction with US 28 (see TOUR 6a), at a point 1.7
miles northwest of Unity.
Baker— Richland—Robinette — Copperfield — Homestead (Cuprum,
Idaho); 84.3 m. State 86 and unnamed road.
Gravel road in lower sections, elsewhere dirt.
Limited accommodations, in towns.
East of the broad uplands of the upper Powder River and the fertile
Baker Valley, State 86 crosses the broken terrain to the river's con-
fluence with the Snake; paralleling that stream for thirty miles, to a
terminus at the interstate bridge into Idaho at the opening of the Grand
Canyon of the Snake (see TOUR 1C).
Tucked in numerous gulches along the tributaries of Powder River
are sites and ruins of towns and camps of the gold rush days of the
186o's. Here gold was at a premium, human life and morals at a dis-
count. Such law as existed was administered by officials subservient to
the proprietors of saloons and dives, and although recorded killings were